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History of Khurja pottery Industry
Khurja (28o15’N ; 77o50’E) is a small town in the Bulandshahr district of western Uttar Pradesh with an approximate population of 2,46,686 according to the 1991 census. Khurja Municipality has an area of about 549.186 hectares with an urban residential area of 30 % and agricultural land use of about 29%. The development area of the town is about 10784.64 hectares. Two rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna flow on it’s two sides and are at a distance of 45 km from Khurja junction. It is well connected by road and rail ways. Khurja is 86 km SE from Delhi and 45 km NE of Aligarh through G. T. Road whereas; through railway it is 83 km from Delhi. Khurja has now become a centre of ceramic industry having 492 units in the small-scale sector. In local language “Khurja” means waste land. The history of Khurja pottery goes back to ~ 600 years ago, when some of the potters’ families moved from Delhi to Khurja during the reign of Mohammed-bin-Tughlak. Starting with red clay pottery they moved on to introduce blue glaze on red clay articles with on engobe of white clay, painting floral designs with cupric oxide and applying a soft glaze containing glass and borax.
A Historical Glass Cluster – Firozabad
Firozabad is a city built by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351 - 1388), a Tughlaq king. From the earliest it was famous for glass and bangle works, and its related small scale industry is famous throughout the world. Since 15 Century it was the home of the glass industry, White and coloured glass pieces being manufactured for the purpose of assembling , jhad and fandus which were in demand by royal courts and nobles for decoration their assembling and drawing rooms later on phials for itra , scents and other cosmetic products were made . Slowly and steadlly suhag items like bangles,kangans were kara etc produced for the general public .Today it is nicknamed suhag nagri because it fulfills all most the demand of bangles karas, kangans, artistic glassware in different colours and shades used in jhad farnused and other items of suhagins. At present about four hundred glass industries are registered in firozabad.
Major Cities of the Chapter
  • Lucknow
  • Kanpur
  • Dehradun
  • Kashipur
  • Moradabad
  • Roorkee
  • Meerut
  • Ghaziabad
  • Noida
  • Greater Noida
  • Agra
  • Mathura